Backyard swimming pools are popular in Australia for rest and recreation, but their presence brings a number of health and safety risks.
Swimming pool owners should ensure that appropriate fencing, gates, locks and signs are maintained in the pool area, and that relevant requirements under the Swimming Pools Act 1992 are met. A new pool should not be filled, or an existing pool refilled unless these requirements are met.
New pool safety and registration requirements for those selling or leasing property
Sale of properties with a swimming pool
- All properties with a swimming pool or spa pool being sold or leased on or after 29 April 2016 will need a valid certificate of compliance or a relevant occupation certificate.
29 April 2016, the following will be 'prescribed documents' if the
contract relates to land on which there is situated a swimming pool:
- (a) a valid certificate of compliance issued under the Swimming Pools Act 1992,
- (b) a relevant occupation certificate and evidence that the swimming pool is registered under the Swimming Pools Act 1992,
- (c) a valid certificate of non-compliance issued under the Swimming Pools Regulation 2008.
- All contracts for sale that are exchanged after 29 April 2016 must have either a swimming pool certificate of compliance or a certificate of non-compliance.
- Vendors are now able to transfer the obligation of obtaining a certificate of compliance to the purchaser. The transfer of the obligation will be realised through the attachment of a certificate of non-compliance to the contract for sale.
- Where a local authority inspecting a swimming pool believes that the pool represents a significant risk to the public, a 'direction' can be issued immediately (section 23(6)
- The certificate of non-compliance will be generated from the Swimming Pool Register. The procedures will be generally the same as generating a certificate of compliance.
- The certificate of non-compliance must be issued within 7 days after inspection.
- The certificate of non-compliance is valid for 12 months.
- The buyer will have 90 days from the date of settlement to rectify defects listed in the certificate of non-compliance and obtain a certificate of compliance.
- Accredited certifiers are still required to report to councils under section 22E(4) of the Swimming Pools Act 1992 to discharge their obligations.
Leasing of properties with a swimming pool
- When leasing a property with a swimming pool, the landlord agreesto ensure that the requirements of the Swimming Pools Act 1992 have been complied with. The landlord agrees to ensure that at the time that this residential tenancy agreement is entered into: the swimming pool on the residential premises is registered under the Swimming Pools Act 1992 and has a valid certificate of compliance under that Act or a relevant occupation certificate within the meaning of that Act, and a copy of that valid certificate of compliance or relevant occupation certificate is provided to the tenant.
- This will commence from any new lease agreement signed after 29 April 2016.
provisions will not apply if:
- the swimming pool is situated on land in a strata scheme (within the meaning of the Strata Schemes Management Act 1996) or
- in a community scheme (within the meaning of the Community Land Development Act 1989) and
- that strata or community scheme comprises more than 2 lots.
Changes to the Swimming Pools Act
The Swimming Pools Amendment Act 2012 commenced on 29 October 2012 and makes a number of amendments to the Swimming Pools Act 1992 which impact on pool owners and councils. Swimming pool owners are required to register their swimming pools at www.swimmingpoolregister.nsw.gov.au. Additional information about the staged implementation provisions is also provided in the Swimming Pools Fact Sheet.
Swimming Pool Policy & Forms
Swimming Pool Compliance Certificate applications need to be lodged on Council's Swimming Pool Compliance application form that can be found here. Take a moment to read Council's Swimming Pool Policy to understand your obligations as a pool owner. You can refer to the Swimming Pool Safety Checklist as an indication of what Council Officers will be looking for on a Swimming Pool Compliance Certificate Inspection. The Swimming Pool Safety Checklist can be found by clicking here.
Swimming Pool Inspections
When a pool or spa is being constructed or altered, a principal certifying authority (PCA) must supervise all works. The PCA is essentially a building inspector, and is responsible for ensuring that new and altered swimming pools and spas comply with relevant Development Consents and Complying Development Certificates.
The PCA should ensure that all necessary requirements are met before issuing an Occupation Certificate. Under the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, the PCA must report any failure to comply with these requirements to Wagga Wagga City Council.
Under the Public Health (Swimming Pool) Regulations, Council is required to:
- Conduct testing of water quality of commercial and semi-commercial pools
- Conduct compliance checks to ensure pools meet the guidelines
- Educate commercial operators as appropriate
- Issue closing orders if necessary.
Some Important Points to Remember
- Ensure that the pools fence and gate is well maintained. Make sure the gate is closed at all times and never prop it open.
- Keep objects away from the pool area, so that children cannot use them to reach the gate latch or climb the fence.
- Have knowledge and be confident with resuscitation techniques. You must have a comprehensive resuscitation chart displayed near the pool area for reference, and obtain a first aid certificate through the local St. John's Ambulance or Red Cross Society.
- Establish safety rules for the pool area, and strictly enforce them, (such as no running around the pool, no pushing into the water etc.)
- Ensure that toys or other objects are not left floating in the pool. They are very attractive to small children.
- Have a non-slip surface around the pool.
- If you are overheated, overtired, have been drinking alcohol, or have just finished a meal, don't go swimming.
- Always remain alert when children are near the pool. It only takes a few seconds for a child to drown so never take your eye off them.
- Have children taught water confidence at an early age.
- Always keep extension leads or plugs off damp ground and away from the water.
NSW Government Advice
- The Royal Lifesaving Society Australia - the largest single organisation dedicated to the teaching of lifesaving and the prevention of drowning.
- Surf Life Saving NSW - provides water safety, first aid and CPR training
- Austswim - Australia's national organisation for the teaching of swimming and water safety
- St John Ambulance Australia - Australia's leading provider of first aid training, first aid services at public events and supplier of first aid kits and equipment.
- Kid Safe NSW - Child Accident Prevention Foundation of Australia provide general advice.
- Keep Watch - Home Pool Safety - Royal Life Saving Society information including checklist, fact sheets and other information.
What is the Law?
In NSW there are specific laws. Read more about the:
Public Swimming Pool & Spa Pool Advisory Document
The "Public Swimming Pool and Spa Pool Advisory Document" both complements and gives an overview of the public health legislation related to public pools and spas. The advisory document explains the diseases which can be transmitted in a pool environment and provides a bacteriological criterion to determine pool safety. Following on is an explanation of the use of chlorine or bromine dosing levels and monitoring to achieve effective disinfection and good water quality. Also, design, construction and amenities are considered so that pool management is enhanced. A risk management approach is explained to manage pools, particularly to control Crytosporidium outbreaks which are resistant to disinfection. The advisory document is intended for all pool operators, designers and consultants. The document can be accessed here.